The Final Product
The purpose of this plant-based protein snack product is to provide a convenient and nutritional product targeted towards younger audiences aged between 16-19 years.
The product contains a number of plant-based proteins such as almonds, pumpkin seeds, chia seeds, goji berries, flaxseeds and cranberries. These all provide health benefits in addition to having either a macronutrient or micronutrient.
The muesli bar is convenient, as the packaging allows for on-the -go use and is targeted towards those ages between 16-19 who may always be in a hurry. The muesli bar doesn’t contain any fortified ingredients.
Value adding is when a raw product is changed from its raw state to a primary or secondary product, therefore enhancing its value. The product is value added as raw almonds are made into almond butter. The wholegrain flour contained is also considered value-added as it was once wheat. Milling wheat into flour is an example.
Almonds are high in protein, having 21.5 grams per 100 grams, as well as having other essential nutrients such as vitamin E, magnesium, riboflavin, calcium and potassium, making it a functional food as it offers additional health benefits. Functional foods contained include goji berries, which promote good eye health by protecting the eyes, it also provides immune system support, assisting in skin health, stabilising blood sugar levels, liver health and protecting against cancer. Goji berries are also high in vitamin A which is a fat- soluble vitamin that is beneficial for skin and tissue health, as well as eyesight, as well as an antioxidant which is good for protection against cell damage. Chia seeds are a whole grain food that are able to be absorbed by the body unlike flaxseeds, chia seeds contain calcium, magnesium, phosphorous and manganese, which aids in health of teeth, as well as managing how your body stores and uses energy, helps grow, maintain and repair tissue and cells, as well as filtering out waste in kidneys. They also contain antioxidants and high amounts of fibre which aid in gastrointestinal health. Flaxseeds contain 18grams of high- quality protein, and are high in omega 3 fats, which is beneficial for lowering blood pressure, reducing triglycerides, reducing the chance of abnormal heart rhythm, reducing chances of stroke and heart attack. They are also rich in dietary fibre and are a rich source of lignans which may reduce cancer risks. Pumpkin seeds are also high in antioxidants similar to goji berries, as well as being high in fibre, and improving heart health, it may also reduce risk of particular cancers, and improve bladder health. They also contained omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids, iron, calcium, B2, folate and vitamin A. Omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids contained benefit skin and hair growth, bone health, regulate metabolism, maintain the reproductive system, as well as having a crucial role in brain function. Iron contained, provides energy as well as maintaining the immune system and the regulation of body temperature. Calcium is beneficial to build and maintain strong bones as well as heart and muscles needing calcium to function properly. Vitamin B2, riboflavin, is needed for growth and overall good health, helps the body to break down carbohydrates, proteins, and fats to produce energy. Folate is needed to make red and white blood cells in bone marrow as well as converting carbohydrates into energy, it also beneficial during pregnancy and infancy. Vitamin A aids in eye health, supporting immune systems and supporting bone health, as well as promoting healthy growth and reproduction. Cranberries have a high antioxidant content which is beneficial for reducing risk of urinary tract infections, preventing certain types of cancer as well as improving immune function and decreasing blood pressure, they contain macronutrients including, 0.4 grams of protein, 12.2 grams of carbohydrates and 0.1 grams of fat. Micronutrients contained include, vitamin C, manganese, vitamin E and vitamin K. Vitamin C is good for managing high blood pressure, reducing risk of chronic disease, helps prevent iron deficiency and boosts immunity. Manganese Is good for bone health as Is calcium, it also plays a role in managing blood sugar levels. Vitamin K is good for bone health and healing wounds, it produces proteins for healthy bones as well as normal blood clotting. Vitamin E is beneficial for preventing coronary heart disease, supporting immune system function, promoting eye health, preventing inflammation and lowering risks of particular cancers. Dextrinisation is the process involving the browning of starches contained in foods when dry heat is applied. The starch is broken down in to dextrins (disaccharides), as well as being a non-enzymatic browning and chemical change. The dextrinization of the rolled oats changes the flavour and texture greatly when baked in the oven, rolled oats contain 46.9 grams of starch per 81 grams. The oats go from being slightly softer and lighter in colour to a browned colour as well as having slightly more of a crunch. Coagulation is when a liquid changes to a solid or semi solid state, it is the change in protein structure, whereby the liquid changed to a solid or thicker liquid, caused by either heat, mechanical actions or acids. Enzymes can also cause protein coagulation. When the egg white contained in the slice has dry heat applied to it, it causes the egg white to solidify from a liquid changing the texture of the slice by giving it a firmer texture and more binded appearance and feel as well as a more of a moist mouthfeel.